Health Hippo: Research
Integrity & Bioethics
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1...2...3...zzz...huh? Why do all these sheep look
the same? Perhaps they are clones. At
least we won't have to worry about people looking the same in the
U.S., now that
President Clinton has
banned federal funding of projects to clone human beings. But
what about the private sector? See
SheepMap Database Project; National
Center for Genome Resources Home Page.
The Human Genome Project
has already produced a "rough" list of over 16,000 genes in
the human body (about a fifth of the entire set). The rest should be
done by the year 2005. Among the list of
a couple of genes that are thought to predict breast and ovarian
cancer. Similar genes have been mapped for other diseases. Physicians
can now order a $2400 test to detect all mutations of the genes, and
this has caused an ethics stir. For more information on the Human
Genome Project, check out
Human Transcript Map. For more information on genetic screening
for breast cancer, visit
Cancer and Genetic Screening.See also
Screening Bills (105th Congress).
Code of Federal
- 41 CFR PART 50 - RESPONSIBILITY OF PHS AWARDEE AND APPLICANT
INSTITUTIONS FOR DEALING WITH AND REPORTING POSSIBLE MISCONDUCT
- 45 CFR PART 46 - PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS
- FETUSES, PREGNANT WOMEN, FERTILIZATION
- 45 CFR PART 76 - GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION
News & Reports
Research Misconduct: HHS' Handling of Cases Is Appropriate, but
Timeliness Remains a Concern (Letter Report, 08/03/95,
GAO/HEHS-95-134). Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO
determined whether the Department of Health and Human Services'
(HHS) Office of Research Integrity (ORI): (1) has the appropriate
policies, procedures, and investigative practices for handling
misconduct allegations in a timely; and (2) has any staffing
issues that may adversely affect ORI responsiveness.
Research: Continued Vigilance Critical to Protecting Human
Subjects (Letter Report, 03/08/96, GAO/HEHS-96-72). Pursuant
to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the federal oversight
systems for protecting human subjects in federally sponsored
Extramural Clinical Research: Internal Controls Are Key to
Safeguarding Phase III Trials Against Misconduct (Letter
Report, 07/11/96, GAO/HEHS-96-117). Pursuant to a congressional
request, GAO reviewed the National Institutes of Health's (NIH)
oversight of the clinical trials it sponsors, focusing on NIH
internal controls to prevent misuse of federal funds and safeguard
the integrity of clinical trial data.
Research: Therapeutic Human Fetal Tissue Transplantation Projects
Meet Federal Requirements (Letter Report, 03/10/97,
GAO/HEHS-97-61). Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO
reviewed the fetal tissue transplantation research funded by the
National Institutex of Health (NIH) under the NIH Revitalization
Act, focusing on: (1) compliance with informed consent and other
documentation; and (2) any violations occurring in the acquisition
of human fetal tissue for use in transplantation.
Guidelines: Overview of Agency for Health Care Policy and Research
Efforts (Testimony, 07/25/95, GAO/T-HEHS-95-221). In 1989,
Congress created the Agency for Health Care Policy and
Research--part of the Public Health Service--to serve as the
federal government's focal point for effectiveness and outcomes
Experimentation: An Overview on Cold War Era Programs
(Testimony, 09/28/94, GAO/T-NSIAD-94-266). During World War II and
the Cold War, the Defense Department (DOD) and other national
security agencies conducted extensive radiological, chemical, and
biological research programs.
Policy: Pharmaceutical Industry's Use of the Research Tax
Credit (Chapter Report, 05/13/94, GAO/GGD-94-139). In 1991,
Congress enacted the research and experimentation tax credit to
encourage businesses to do research. GAO estimates that the
pharmaceutical industry earned $1.24 billion worth of these tax
credits between 1981 and 1990.
- HHS: Promoting
Integrity in Research
- HHS: AHCPR,
AAHP, and AMA to Develop National Clinical Guideline
- The International Journal of Experimental and Clinical
PHS Grant Application Form, Assurance on Scientific Fraud
(Misconduct) The May 15, 1987 Contracts and Grants Information
Letter transmitted copies of the revised Public Health Service
Grant Application Form PHS 398, a summary of the major changes,
and a summary of recent revisions to the PHS Grants Policy
on GAP's Scientific Integrity Campaign At a time when the
political winds are blowing against government oversight,
corporate accountability, and employee rights, a blue ribbon
commission on scientific integrity has struck a blow for all
Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Animals
These guidelines were developed by APA's Committee on Animal
Research and Ethics to help researchers who use animal subjects.
- Biomedical Ethics:
listserv@VM1.nodak.edu Biomedical Ethics list. Send the
following message: subscribe biomed-L Your Name
and Misconduct in Science My career in Scientific Fraud began
some years ago when...hmmm
Council home page The HHS Data Council meets monthly to
coordinate all health and non-health data collection and analysis
activities of the Department of Health and Human Services.
(Everyone should have their own data council (counsel?)).
Magazine Discover Television on the Discovery Channel
(Discover Magazine (the television version) on the Discovery
Channel, a pitch for the channel as a way to learn about TV, or a
whole nutter thing)?
The latest Whether you're interested in cancer treatments,
gene mapping, global warming, or space probes, you will find the
of American Scientists The Federation of American Scientists
is engaged in analysis and advocacy on science, technology and
public policy for global security. (OK, er... wait a 'sec...
of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Copyright ©
1997 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
Claims Act Can Hamper Science With 'Bounty Hunter' Suits Fraud
and misconduct in scientific research have become a problem
attracting national and international attention.
- FASEB Research
Integrity, Letter to Sec. Shalala The Ryan Commission's report
is so seriously flawed that it is useless as a basis for policy
making and should be disavowed by the Department of Health and
Policy, Research, and Administrative Information The bible,
from the organization that makes all this fun possible.
home page The National Committee on Vital and Health
Statistics serves as the statutory [link to US Code ommitted]
public advisory body to the Secretary of Health and Human Services
in the area of health data and statistics.
Ethics Report Published by the American Association for the
Advancement of Science Scientific Freedom, Responsibility and Law
Human Subjects Workshop: Highlights This panel addressed past
abuses of human participants in research and the history of
bioethics, in addition to discussion of legal and ethical
considerations for conducting research.
Ethics Bibliography Compiled by Vince Hamner. The [bracketed]
identifier is the Library of Congress recommended call-number.
Books and journals in the Newman Library at Virginia Tech are
catalogued using this recommendation.
James Randi Educational Foundation Homepage Turning your head
sideways helps alotnot.
W. Stewart's Page on Scientific Misconduct Professor Stewart
rocks again at a new location.
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Law in New York State ~
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Resources in Ethics ~
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Care Providers: NY State Dept of Health ~
Institute of Medicine ~
Links for Whistleblowers ~
The Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association ~
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Ethics: Codes and Policies ~
Academy of Sciences ~
of Research Integrity ~
Ethics Report ~
Welcome to HSR -
The Health Service Research Journal ~